Just like your other machines, like your car, correct balance and ride start at the first point of contact- the tires on the ground. On your personal Machine, the body, correct balance and proper body function start at the first point of contact- your feet on the ground. This is always Step 1.
At Dynamic we focus on building only insoles that are biomechanically designed and built to always start at Step 1, and to Tune Your Machine and always keep it In Balance.
Designed on specific women’s and men’s lasts for correct anatomical fit by gender, and addressing gait and motion control, cushioning and energy return, and patent pending orthotically correct Flex Arch technology, Dynamic Performance Insoles surpass all other competitors in function, quality, and durability.
Below are areas and research we have pulled from our research and that apply directly to keeping your Machine in tune and in balance.
The joints and muscles of the body function most efficiently when they are in physical balance.
- The body is a biomechanical “kinetic chain” where abnormal movements at one line, or joint, can interfere with proper movements at other joints.
- During standing and walking, our bodies are subjected to natural forces and postures that can inflict mechanical stress and strain throughout the interrelated chain of joints and muscles.
- When foot imbalance is present, there is a negative impact on the knees, hips, pelvis, and spine. Some patients must have these abnormal forces reduced before they can achieve improved spinal function.
Improper Balance and Function of the Feet Can Lead to:
- Excessive rotation of the tibia and femur, stressing the knee and twisting the pelvis and spine.
- Tilting of the pelvis which places tension on muscles and connective tissues, eventually resulting in chronic back problems.
- High levels of heel-strike shock from breakdown of the body’s natural “shock absorbers.” The shock wave then transmits up the kinetic chain, resulting in painful symptoms up to the head, slowed recovery of leg and spine injuries, and aggravation of other conditions.
Benefits of Orthotic Use:
- Properly fitted orthotics support the foot to control excessive pronation and supination, preventing unwanted stress on the body.
- Limiting functional hypermobility helps chiropractic adjustments hold longer and increases the effectiveness of care.
- Improved shock absorption reduces repetitive stress on joints and muscles, permitting smoother function and decreasing arthritic symptoms.
- Use of orthotics represents a long-term, yet cost-effective intervention for many types of functional and structural problems.
How Orthotics Work:
- Wearing orthotics inside shoes is similar to placing a shim beneath the leg of a wobbly table: it adds support to eliminate unwanted motion in the entire structure.
- The foot is formed of three distinct arches (transverse, medial, lateral), which create an architectural vault. The result of supporting these three arches is improved stability and postural integrity.
- Orthotics encourage optimal muscle and nerve function by guiding the feet through a more normal pattern with each step taken.
Take This Test:
- Do you stand or walk on hard surfaces for more than 4 hours daily?
- Do you participate regularly in any physical sport such as basketball, tennis, golf, etc?
- Are you age 40 or over?
- Have you had a prior injury to your knee, foot/ankle, back, or neck?
- Do your shoes wear unevenly?
- Do you have joint pain while standing, walking, or running?
- Is one of your legs shorter than the other?
- Do you have knock-knees or bow legs?
- Do you have obvious foot problems, such as bunions, corns, flat feet, etc.?
- Do your feet “toe out” when you’re walking?
Sports injury is an area of podiatry that is often over looked. However podiatrists have an expert understanding of human gait and biomechincs enabling them to treat injuries of the hip, knee, ankle and foot. Dynamic Sports Development places particular attention to co-ordinating hip and foot movements in order to resolve non-traumatic injuries of the lower limb.
There are 2 Types of Injury a Person Can Sustain:
- Acute injuries such as sprains, breaks and dislocations usually caused by a single trauma.
- Chronic injuries (over-use injury). These injuries are not preceded by any obvious trauma but occur due to small repetitive traumas such as the foot impacting the ground repetitively during a marathon or a muscle having to constantly contracting to resist a force or produce movement.
Podiatrists are primarily concerned with chronic injuries as they are experts at understanding the effects of forces on the body and the interaction between the foot, ankle, lower limb and pelvis during gait. This is generally known as biomechanics.
Biomechanics is a science that mixes biology and classic engineering principles to explain human movement, tissue adaptation and injury. Biomechanics can be used to explain why muscles and bones get stronger from exercise and why people get injured without any obvious trauma.
A Full Biomechanical Assessment Involves:
A full history: This the most important part of any medical assessment. The aim is to find how, why and when the problem started and to find out about the patient’s individual needs.
Examination of joints, skeletal alignment and muscle strength: These assessments are done both non-weight bearing and weight bearing.
Postural assessment: This helps to identify stiff muscles, weak muscles and structural issues such as leg length difference.
Gait analysis: The aim is to observe how a person walks/runs and how they are compensating for biomechanical abnormalities, injuries or pain.
Aims Of A Biomechanical Assessment
- Identify which structure in the body is injured.
- Identify the force that is causing undue stress on the injured structure.
Once this has been done the podiatrist will find ways to reduce the stress on the injured tissue. This can be done in a number of ways:
- Evaluation of training regime.
- Movement education exercises.
- Stretching and strengthening exercises.
- Taping – With elastic k-tape or non-elastic low-dye tape.
- Orthotic intervention – Special insoles that go in shoes to manipulate the forces that travel from the ground to the foot with the aim of improving foot function. A bit like glasses for the feet.
Common Problems that Biomechanical Intervention Can Help
Stress fractures: These can occur in any bone but are very common in the metatarsals, tibia and calcaneus.
Shin splints (medial tibial stress syndrome): Pain on the lower inside edge of the shin, which usually occurs when training intensity is increased rapidly.
Plantar fasciitis: The plantar fascia is a thick non-elastic band similar to tendon and ligament that helps support the arch of the foot. Damage to this structure can lead to chronic heel pain.
Ankle pain: An umbrella term covering a whole host of pains including Achilles tendon pain, chronic lateral ankle sprains, sinus tarsi syndrome (a pain felt deep in the ankle, just in front of the lateral malleoli).
Knee pain: Including anterior pain and iliotibial band pain (ITBS).
Hip pain: Pain in the hip can be caused by boney abnormalities such as one leg being longer than the other or by muscle imbalance.
Lower back pain: This can occur due to boney abnormalities such as one leg being longer than the other or muscle weaknesses that prevent the pelvis from being stabilized during walking and running.